Why interest rates are irrelevant

private lender interest ratesSecuring a business loan can be confusing and finding a transparent lender can be a difficult task. When choosing a lender there is a lot of jargon to sort through which is why it is easy for borrowers to focus only on getting the lowest interest rates. However, it’s far too common for borrowers to buy into a loan because the interest rate looks good only to discover a range of hidden costs and fees.

Interest rate vs total cost of the loan

The rate of interest is only one portion of the total cost of a loan. Trying to calculate the true cost over the life of a loan can be daunting but it makes good business sense to do so. This is why finding a lender that is entirely upfront and transparent about fees is incredibly important.

Possible fees

Here is a list of fees a lender may require as part of the loan agreement, which can greatly increase the overall cost of the loan:

  • Establishment/Origination/Application Fees: Setting up the loan/account .
  • Documentation Fees: A fee to cover time spent preparing the loan documents.
  • Direct Debit Fees: When making a repayment some lenders charge for every transaction which add up over time.
  • Monthly Management Fees: Ongoing fees charged for the management of the loan.
  • Withdrawal Fees: Charged for every withdrawal, often seen in Line of Credit loans.
  • Late Fee: If the payment schedule is missed.
  • Early Repayment Fee: Some lenders do not charge a fee but still charge full-term interest.
  • Amendment Fees: Added by the lender if you request amendments to your loan/ repayments.

Educating borrowers

Helping borrowers to understand the difference between a good interest rate and the total cost of a loan is extremely important. We have had clients come to us in the past who have been offered an interest half of what we offered, however when they took into account the other fees and charges they were required to pay they discovered that we were significantly cheaper than the other lender. When you look at the total cost of the loan, interest rates can become completely irrelevant.

Below is an example of a $435,000 two-month loan for a second mortgage we arranged for a client on an incomplete development site:

Interest for the two-month loan:                                         $16,530 (1.90% per month)

Approval fee:                                                                               $15,206 ($2,871 to Referrer)

Legal fees:                                                                                     $2,735

Total cost of the loan:                                                               $34,471

This shows that the interest was just less than 50% of the total cost, demonstrating how critical it is to know what all the other costs are.

The total benefit

When looking at whether to take this loan, the borrower also needed to consider how much money they would make out of the transaction.  They not only needed to look at the cost of the loan, but at the benefit that the loan was going to deliver.

This is where a rough feasibility study for the development was important.

Gross Realisation Value:                                                        $1,950,000

Land purchase:                                                                          $650,000

Stamp duty:                                                                                 $35,000

Build cost:                                                                                    $650,000

Other costs (agent, council, holding):                               $115,000

Total costs:                                                                                   $1,450,000

TOTAL GROSS PROFIT:                                                          $500,000

This means the project yields a gross profit of $500,000.

Therefore, the cost of the loan divided by the gross profit is approximately 7% of the total cost. The client was able to determine that it made business sense to give away 7% of their profit ($34,471) to get the deal done. As we can see from this example, the interest rate is less significant than the overall cost of the project.

Sound advice

When considering a loan, a borrower needs to gain perspective on the overall outcome of the loan rather than getting caught up just comparing interest rates. This is where sound advice from a broker and a transparent lender is critical.

For further information about private loans for business projects, give us a call on 1800 856 683 or contact us via our website: www.privatemortgagesaustralia.com.au/contact-us/

SMEs with tax debt need to take action

ATO tax debt refinancingOn 22 October 2019, the Government passed law which allows the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) to disclose tax debt information of businesses to registered credit reporting bureaus (CRBs). The law received royal assent on 28 October 2019.

Under the law, the ATO can only disclose tax debt information of a business where certain criteria are met.

The ATO will only disclose tax debt information of a business to a CRB if the business meets all of the following criteria:

  • it has an Australian business number (ABN), and is not an excluded entity
  • it has one or more tax debts, of which at least $100,000 is overdue by more than 90 days
  • it is not effectively engaging with the ATO to manage its tax debt, and
  • the Inspector-General of Taxation is not considering an ongoing complaint about the proposed reporting of the entity’s tax debt information.

The ATO will notify a business in writing if they meet the reporting criteria and give them 28 days to engage with the ATO and take action to avoid having its tax debt information reported.

Many businesses have previously used the ATO like a bank and racked up debts by not paying their commitments on time. This decision could now have adverse effects on credit ratings and credit insurance limits, making it harder to maintain or extend credit terms with suppliers.

There has never been a better time to get your ATO debt in order and set your business up for success in 2020. Private Mortgages Australia is able to help businesses refinance ATO debt and pay out the tax debt with a short-term mortgage. This enables the borrower to pay off the ATO debt and build up a few months of good payment history. The borrower can then try to refinance to a long-term debt and pay off the loan.

For more information about how Private Mortgages Australia can help, read our case study or get in touch via our Contact page.

 

 

5 Ways a Mortgage Broker Can Help You Navigate a Business Loan

Commercial Mortgage BrokerObtaining funding for your small-to-medium business can help you survive tough times or take your enterprise to the next level. Juggling all the steps you have to take to obtain a loan can be stressful and  take up valuable time and resources!

Taking time out from your business to do an analysis of your business needs and research your lending options is only part of the process. Once you find a lender you can work with, you need to negotiate a deal with them that works for you over time and understand all the terms and conditions required over the term of the loan.

Working with a Mortgage Broker

Like most of the tasks in your business, if you can’t do them yourself, find someone who’s an expert at them. Brokers create a bridge between you and the lending world. Their role has them matching business owners with business lenders year-round. They know the best lender to engage for your purposes, so you achieve your important goals. Here’s how they help:

1. They source suitable loan options

This requires a sound knowledge of the finance market and the benefits provided by different lenders. Being able to access a range of lenders, means they are more likely to find one that matches your specific needs. A Mortgage Broker knows who to suggest and why.

2. They find workable solutions

Lenders have criteria for preferred investments. By understanding your specific need for a loan, a Broker uses their knowledge to source the most suitable Lender. You don’t have to decipher which Lender would be more interested and inclined to provide the funding you need, that’s the role of the Broker. You get on with running your business, they get on with finding the right loan for you.

3. They navigate the fine print

A Mortgage Broker conducts Due Diligence on your behalf, so you achieve your desired outcomes safely and easily. There is a specific process to sourcing, securing and completing a loan. A Broker knows how to navigate all the risks associated with private lending. With a greater understanding of the terms and conditions, a Broker can guide you through the whole process and keep you informed.

4. They have the experience

Brokers have a network of Lenders with whom they have developed professional connections. Building rapport with a platform of Lenders is crucial to a Broker’s ability to assist a wide range of clients. A good Broker has extensive experience in private lending and has negotiated loans for many other small to medium businesses. They understand how to avoid any pitfalls and negotiate the best outcome for you.

5. They know their stuff

A Broker can translate all the financial jargon and acronyms prevalent in finance documentation into simple terms for you. You can rest easy knowing they can decipher any complicated terms and conditions that may apply, so you’re not left wondering what’s going on. Plus, they don’t mind you asking questions. They understand that you need to feel confident in agreeing to the terms and conditions of your loan.

Time you won’t get back!

The most important aspect of using the services of an experienced Mortgage Broker means you save time – the one resource you never get back. You can focus on building your business while your Broker takes care of all the rest. By taking on the responsibility of negotiating all the steps required to secure your business loan, a Broker saves you time, energy, money and a lot of stress!

As a private lender, we appreciate the work that Mortgage Brokers do to help our Borrowers. In fact, over 90% of the loans we provide are introduced to us by Brokers. If you have any questions about how a Broker can make your business borrowing plain sailing, please send us a message via our Contact Page.

Private Lending in 2019: The Year in Review

Private Lending in 2019: Year in ReviewAt the start of the year we penned an article titled, “Will 2019 be the year of private lending?” where we looked at the implications of the Royal Commission and the possible outcomes for the private lending industry. We thought we’d take a look back and see whether our predictions came to fruition.

A move towards transparency

First off, we discussed the level of distrust of the major banks following Commissioner Hayne’s report and how we believed borrowers would look to lenders with more transparent lending processes. While scandal after scandal has rocked the big banks, the latest being Westpac’s money laundering and child exploitation crisis, non-bank lenders have doubled the number of loans they are writing, according to one report. This isn’t to say that all non-bank lenders are transparent with their fees and interest rates. An ABC investigation recently revealed the unscrupulous practices of some non-bank lenders which has thrown a dark cloud over the industry. Private Mortgages Australia urges all borrowers and brokers to have an in-depth look at any lender before signing up for a loan. Here’s 10 questions we recommend you ask any private lender before moving ahead.

Continued tightening of the purse strings

We probably didn’t get this one quite right. In May APRA announced that banks should change the way they assess customers’ ability to meet their mortgage repayments in a move that would let people borrow more. The Coalition government also announced the First Home Loan Deposit Scheme which will allow some first-home buyers to purchase a property with as little as a 5 per cent deposit from 1 January 2020. Despite these measure and lower interest rates, the Big Four banks have not seen an uptick in customers with total operating income (cash basis) declining 3.7 percent according to KPMG. This reflects subdued lending conditions, the squeeze on margins and intense competition in mortgage markets, which has resulted in their market share of the total mortgage market decreasing 92 basis points to 81.2 percent and their share or new loans decreasing rapidly.

Rise of commercial brokers

We previously stated that in these uncertain times, borrowers will increasingly look to brokers for guidance and advice. This has certainly been the case. Commercial brokers have reportedly seen an increase of enquiries from borrowers who until this year would have been acceptable bank customers. Reportedly non-bank lenders settled 112 per cent more broker-introduced commercial loans in FY19 than they did the year before as banks face “capability challenges”.

What has PMA seen? 

In the past 12 months we’ve seen increased in demand from borrowers who have been turned down by the banks or are increasingly frustrated with the time it takes for the banks to settle. We’ve increased the number of loans we’ve settled by 50% this financial year and expect for this to grow to 100% in the new year. To deal with this growth in demand we are also expanding the team by 50%, taking our numbers up to 15 staff.

This year PMA received the backing of an independent wholesale funder that committed to investing up to $100 million to fund our portfolio of registered first mortgage loans secured by Australian property. This has allowed us to grow the number of loans we are able to service and saw the maximum loan amount increase from $2 million to $10 million on registered first mortgages. It has also allowed PMA to offer more competitive interest rates with our base rate now at 9% per annum for applicable loans.

It’s been a hugely successful year for Private Mortgages Australia and we’re excited about some new changes coming in 2020. Stay tuned!

 

 

 

How does the private lending process work?

It’s no secret that the banks’ can be slow, with the lending process often taking 6-8 weeks to be completed. Greater flexibility and quicker turnarounds are major reasons borrowers often prefer to work with private lenders when obtaining finance. In a recent survey we found that nearly 50% of brokers had decided to work with a private lender because their client needed fast access to funding. This may be because they have an urgent business opportunity, need to quickly refinance some debt or require an injection of funds so they can finalise a project. Access to quick funding is often the difference between being able to take advantage of an opportunity or missing the boat.

So, how exactly does the private lending process work then?

Private Lending Process

Step 1. Submit application form

The Borrower or Referrer fills in the Quick App Form (found here) which includes details about the business, the individual borrower/s, loan amount, loan purpose and real estate assets and liabilities.

Step 2. We conduct initial assessment

We look at the details provided and see if it is possible for us to offer a loan in the provided circumstances.

Step 3. We issue an Indicative Letter of Offer

We provide the Borrower with and Indicative Letter of Offer which gives the details of how much we are willing to lend, the terms of the loan and the interest rate. If the Borrower decides that the Indicative Letter of Offer is suitable to them then they pay a small assessment fee ($550 to $770 inc. GST depending on complexity) to cover costs for searches that we need to ensure that everything is in order for us to move ahead with the loan.

Step 4. Conduct due diligence

Due diligence involves assessment of the applicant, loan structure, security position and exit strategy. There are a number of documents we need the Borrower to send us  to complete these tasks which are included on this checklist here.

Step 5. Issue Letter of Offer

Once we have conducted all the necessary checks and searches we will then issue a formal Letter of Offer. This includes the final interest rate, expected disbursements at settlement and details of any outstanding conditions to be met prior to settlement (if any).

Step 6. Settlement

Once the Borrower has accepted the Letter of Offer loan documents are prepared and sent to applicant’s solicitor by email. Upon return of the fully executed documents the approval fee, legal costs and prepaid interest are deducted from the loan and the balance can be paid by the next business day, sometimes sooner.

Referrer fees are paid within 24 hours from settlement with no clawbacks.

 

We endeavour to make this process as quick as possible and depending on the complexity of the loan can move from the initial application to settlement in as little as 5 business days – possibly sooner. If your client requires quick turnaround on a loan then make sure you get in touch with Senior Relationship Manager, Shanta Lobo at [email protected] or call 1300 856 683.

How property development finance works

Every homeowner understands the difference between their mortgage and the equity they have in their home but when it comes to commercial real estate transactions like property development finance, the difference between equity, preferred equity, mezzanine debt and senior debt can confuse even the savviest financial minds.

Let’s take a look at what’s called The Capital Stack to better understand where the different types of finance sit in a commercial property development.

The Capital Stack for property development finance

Senior Debt

Senior Debt is secured by a First Mortgage on the property itself, so if the borrower fails to pay the lender can sell the security property. This greatly reduces risk on the principal invested because, at worst, the lender can recoup its principal by selling the property.

Mezzanine Debt

Mezzanine Debt sits behind the senior debt in order of payment priority. Once the developer pays operating expenses and the senior debt payment all income must go to pay the mezzanine debt. If the developer is unable to pay (assuming they aren’t also in default under the senior debt), the lender typically has the ability to quickly take control of the property. The senior debt and mezzanine lenders will usually enter into an agreement, called a Priority Deed, where they spell out how their rights interact (i.e. what happens if a developer stops paying both of them).

Preferred Equity

Preferred Equity is perhaps the hardest portion of the capital stack to speak about generally because, for better and worse, it’s very flexible. Preferred equity holders have a preferred right to payments over regular (common) equity holders. “Pref” equity positions range from “hard” preferred equity, which function similarly to mezzanine debt and include a fixed coupon and maturity date to “soft” preferred equity, which is more likely to include some of the financial upside if the project performs well. While hard preferred equity holders may have the ability to make some decisions or kick out the developer if they fail to make payments, soft preferred equity holders typically have more limited rights.

Common Equity

Common Equity is the riskiest and most profitable portion of the real estate capital stack. Typically the developer (or sponsor) will be required – by the lender and/or by other equity investors – to invest their own money as some portion of the equity to have skin in the game. Equity investments carry the greatest risk, because investment agreements entitle every other tranche of capital to be repaid before common equity holders. However, if the property development does well equity investors usually receive an exceptional rate of return. This is because they receive a portion of profit which can easily outstrip the return paid to debt holders usually expressed as an interest rate.

For example, a sponsor may have sourced senior finance at 6% per annum, mezzanine finance at 22% per annum but the sponsor and common equity holders return on investment is 50% per annum. Another way to think about it is that common equity is very expensive when compared to debt within the capital stack.

Understanding the stack is incredibly important as certain lenders will only become involved in particular types of property development finance and interest rates will vary depending on the risk. Currently, Private Mortgages Australia provides Senior Debt and Mezzanine Debt, and have aspirations to offer Preferred Equity in the future.

If you’d like to discuss finance for your next property development project then please get in touch.

Will 2019 be the year of private lending?

Private lending in 2019With the release of Commissioner Hayne’s report  it’s clear that 2019 is going to bring about a number of changes to the private lending industry for lenders, brokers and borrowers alike. We take a look at how we see 2019 panning out for the private lending market.

A move towards transparency

The royal commission has destroyed borrowers’ trust in the big four banks, and now they’re looking for alternatives that offer honesty and transparency. This is an opportunity for those lenders with straight-forward and open lending processes to put their best foot forward and show borrowers that there is a genuine alternative to the mainstream banks.

Continued tightening of the purse strings

2018 saw the banks reducing their risk appetite and placing a number of restrictions on what they will lend and who to. This meant that obtaining finance became increasingly difficult for borrowers, particularly commercial borrowers. This restricted lending environment looks to continue throughout 2019, with the findings of the Hayne report recommending further regulations for the banks’ lending systems.

However, this has created a real opportunity for non-bank lenders who look at lending situations in a different light to the banks. Private lenders are able to be more flexible in who they will lend to. Rather than just look at the serviceability of the loan, they will look at the bigger picture when making a lending decision. This means that while the purse strings are tightening at the banks, more opportunities to access funding will become available through the non-bank sector.

Rise of commercial brokers

Borrowers seeking alternative lenders with transparent and flexible lending processes are going to need help. In these uncertain times, borrowers will increasingly look to brokers for guidance and advice. This is particularly the case for business borrowers who are most likely to be turned away by the banks. For this reason, it makes sense that a number of residential brokers will consider diversifying into the commercial space in order to assist this growing group of borrowers.

The year of private lending?

Overall, the changes in the lending landscape will shine a spotlight on the advantages of working with a private lender. Whether a borrower has become disillusioned with their big four bank or has had their loan application rejected, 2019 will see more and more people looking for an alternative solution for their finance needs. Private lenders have always been able to offer something different to the banks, however this year looks to be the time when the benefits of a non-bank lender really become known throughout the industry.

How to obtain development finance

Development FinanceIt is well known that to secure development finance from a major bank is getting much more difficult. Like the GFC days when it was virtually impossible to obtain finance, tighter controls continue to be implemented. Banks generally require 100% of debt coverage from pre-sales and they have pulled back on the percentage of hard costs that they will fund.

However, there are non-bank lenders and private lenders that will look at a project from a different angle to the major banks. Developer finance lenders will work off the gross realisation value (GRV) of the project rather than the traditional hard cost or total development cost (TDC) method when working out how much they will lend.

The main things non-traditional development finance lenders will look at are:

  • The project – does it make sense?
  • The profit – is there a big enough profit in the project?
  • The people – are the people behind the development experienced?

GRV development finance method explained

Gross realisation value (GRV) based first mortgage facilities look at the projected end value of the project and will extend funding to a percentage of that. In general, the maximum GRV is 65%, or 70% in some cases.

Advantages of GRV development finance

  • No pre-sale requirements can mean a higher realisation price especially in a rising market.
  • No pre-sale requirements can mean the project holding costs are less and the development can commence more quickly.
  • Less developer equity required.
  • Taxable income figures for the borrowers are not generally required.
  • All fees and interest can be capitalised

GRV development finance general guidelines

With non-bank lenders and private funders, each project is looked at on an individual basis. However, below are some guidelines that, if met, will help you secure developer finance.

  • Projects should be in desirable locations with high demand for the product being built.
  • Profit margins should be between 15% and 25% depending on the type of project.
  • The borrower should be an experienced developer.
  • The borrower, while not generally required to prove serviceability, will need to have some tangible assets behind them and not be credit impaired.
  • While the funding may typically be available up to 65% of the GRV or end value, this ratio cannot be exceeded at the land stage or any stage of the development. If the land has increased significantly from when it was purchased there is no restriction on using the increased value. This means that 100% of hard costs can be funded in some circumstances.

Have a read of a case study for a development finance deal we recently undertook and you can also hear more about how PMA can help developers with finance in this video.

Q&A with Shanta Lobo – Senior Relationship Manager

Shanta is Senior Relationship Manager LendingShanta Lobo recently joined Private Mortgages Australia in the role of Senior Relationship Manager. We thought we’d take the opportunity to find out from Shanta herself what’s involved in her role and how she can help clients with short-term business finance.

1. What made you decide to join PMA?

Having been a career banker, with a history of 20 years in commercial business banking, I wanted to try something different that also complemented my experience and expertise. The role with PMA was able to offer me just that. The Senior Relationship Manager role is challenging because it’s a new environment but maintains the basic functions of a commercial lender.

2. What are you looking forward to most in this role?

I’m looking forward to learning more about the private mortgage space and working out ways to help small-to-medium businesses with their borrowing needs. I’m also excited about establishing relationships with brokers and helping to educate them about the various ways we can help their clients.

3. What do you think the key benefits of working with a private lender are?

This is lending at a grass roots level. We’re helping clients based on their individual needs and providing realistic lending solutions. The best thing is that we’re able to think outside the square and structure deals very differently to banks in order to provide more practical options for businesses.

4. What do you bring specifically to the PMA team?

With my background in business banking I bring a thorough understanding of business requirements. I have extensive knowledge relating to interpreting financials, financial projections and security structure. I also have a great network of brokers and referrers that I’m looking forward to working with in the future.

5. What makes PMA different to other lenders?

PMA recently made the decision to increase our maximum LVR to 80%. Most private lenders will generally only lend 65% to 70% LVR, and a lot of the time this is based on a forced-sale valuation rather than the true value of the security property. We always take the true value of the security property without any tricks in order to give our borrowers a better solution.

We’ve also introduced a ‘subsequent referral fee’ in order to eliminate channel conflict. This means we still pay a referrer should a borrower come back to PMA directly after taking a previous loan with us via a referrer.

At PMA we’re all about having a transparent lending process that offers greater flexibility and quicker turnarounds than traditional lenders so that a business can get the best solution.

6. What do you think is most important when maintaining good relationships with brokers/referrers?

Listening to client or referrer and understanding their requirements is absolutely paramount. Taking the time to ask questions and fully understand their individual circumstances makes the rest of the process so much simpler. It’s also important to provide prompt responses and to make quick lending decisions. Overall, by providing solutions that work for the client ensures a smooth process that everyone is happy with.

7. PMA doubled its new loan volume last financial year, why do you think this is?

I think it comes down to great service and delivering great results. We receive a lot of return business which is pretty rare in private lending but it’s something we’re extremely proud of. We’ve found that the great relationship we have with brokers means that they spread the word to other brokers in their network.

8. What are you aiming to achieve at PMA?

I’m hoping to get in touch with as many brokers as possible to find out more about their clients’ needs and educate them about what PMA is able to provide. I also think it’s important to establish a good relationship with the client directly and make them comfortable whilst maintaining a good relationship with the broker.

I’m aiming to always provide prompt and efficient lending solutions and keep on top of the entire lending process through to settlement.

 

To speak to Shanta about your business finance needs get in touch with her on 03 8488 9926 or 

[email protected]

 

PMA’s 2017 In Review

What a year it’s been for Private Mortgages Australia! We’ve had some standout moments in 2017 including:Private Mortgages Australia celebrates some stellar moments in 2017

  • Doubling our new loan volume in the 12 months leading up to our third birthday in July
  • Raising our maximum LVR to 80%
  • Taking a stand to put an end to channel conflict.

We’ve also continued to grow our team with new hires, hosted well-attended webinars and increased our Referrer Remuneration and Referrer Rewards. Here’s a bit more information about the highlights of 2017:

Doubling our Loan Book

In 2017 we saw our new loans grow by 115%, doubling our volume.  We’re so impressed that we’ve been able to maintain this growth (in our second year we increased our loan volume by 151%) – we definitely have our database of 3,000 brokers and referrers to thank for this.

We’ve put this success down the ever-increasing number of small-to-medium businesses needing access to commercial funding who can’t get it from the banks. It’s also been great to see so many brokers diversifying into the commercial space to work with these businesses.

We’re expecting a further 50% increase in the number of settled loans in the current financial year and are already well on track to achieve this.

LVR Increase

In the second half of this year we decided to raise our maximum LVR to 80%. The decision comes after we partnered with Property Predictions Pty Ltd, the creator of patented methodologies which measure demand trends and predict expected changes in prices across the Australian property market.

Most private lenders will generally only lend 65% to 70% LVR, and a lot of the time this is based on a forced-sale valuation rather than the true value of the security property. We always take the true value of the security property without any tricks in order to give our borrowers a better solution. The Traffic Light Reports from Property Predictions employ predictive and patented algorithms developed by leading property market analyst, John Lindeman, to provide highly accurate short term rent and price change predictions for houses and units in any suburb in Australia.

Combatting Channel Conflict

A recent survey conducted by The Adviser found that 78 per cent of brokers had lost a client as a result of channel conflict. It appears to be a growing concern with 88 per cent more worried about channel conflict than they were 12 months ago.

We receive over 90 per cent of our business from broker referrals and we want to keep it that way. That’s why we decided to make changes to our referral fee structure to alleviate any concerns from our broker partners about channel conflict.

We’ve now introduced a ‘subsequent referral fee’ which is paid to the referrer should a borrower come back to PMA directly after taking a previous loan with us via a referrer. We get a lot of repeat clients (which is uncommon in private lending) so we believe we’ve got to be doing something right. We want to reward referrers for providing us with a good lead and will continue to do so no matter how many times that client comes back to us directly. It’s basically free money for our referrers but we believe they deserve it. All referrer fees are paid within 24 hours of settlement with no clawbacks.

Finally, we’d like to take this opportunity to wish all of our supporters a very merry Christmas! It’s an extremely busy time for us and we’ll be working right up until Christmas Day in order to help any borrowers who need finance before the end of the year. If you have any commercial finance needs please get in touch.

MERRY CHRISTMAS!